Introduction to Orchids
Orchid appeared on Earth many millions of years ago. People have been cultivating it long before our times. Chinese emperors liked this flower for its unique fragrance and appearance. And it is not surprising.
Besides, orchids are the largest family of flowering plants. It counts up to 30 thousand species and over 120 thousand hybrids. However, experts do not stop there and create more and more varieties. Years ago, orchids were available only for enthusiasts, and now everybody can enjoy its beauty. Thanks to the efforts of the plant breeders, today's orchids can withstand cold and heat. So it does not matter where you live - you can find an orchid type that will feel comfortable there. These plants occupy most of the possible habitat types - from tropical islands and rainforests to tundra and Himalayas.
And the best thing orchids have to offer is their colours. You can find plants of almost all shades of the rainbow. Orchid colours vary from bright white to dark brown. Also, they can be of one hue or with different patterns. The only colour that creates difficulties for plant breeders is black. The black colour of the flower is not usual for the plant world and does not exist in nature. Nevertheless, experts managed to breed an orchid species whose colour is quite close to black. These are very dark, almost black, shades of burgundy, violet, and purple.
There are no flowers equal to orchids in nature. Many gardeners consider the orchid one of the most beautiful plants in the world. It attracts them with its tenderness, splendor, and charm. Orchid combines both exquisite beauty and fragility. That's why it is so popular among indoor plant lovers.
Popular Orchid Genus
Vanda Orchid Genus
It is simply impossible not to fall in love with this flower. Vanda orchid attracts the attention of absolutely everyone who has a chance to see it. This species got its name in 1795, thanks to Sir William Jones, who considered Vanda the Royal orchid. This species is widespread in nature, from Sri Lanka and Southern India to Northern Australia and the Philippines. The size of these orchids can be very different. For some species, the flowers can reach 15 cm in the diameter. The height of the plant is about 60 cm, and its foliage can spread to 40 cm wide.
The colours of Vanda orchids vary from purple and blue to yellow and red. They can also be in pink, blue, brown, or white. Flowers can be both single- and multi-colour. Some varieties of Vanda orchids are almost odorless. But some of them have incredible aromas, it all depends on the species. Vanda is a monopodial orchid. It does not have pseudobulbs, and it grows up without changing its width. The old leaves gradually die off. Vanda has a cylindrical stem of the medium length and stripe-shaped bright green leaves. These flowers usually have aerial greenish-gray strongly developed roots. The stem of the flowers comes from the side, most often from the axil between its leaves. When the Vanda orchid starts blooming, its flowers are pale and small. But in a few days, they will become larger and acquire beautiful bright colours.
More images of the Vanda orchid genus can be found under the following section: Types of orchids with pictures and names
Check out our Vanda Orchid Collection
Dendrobium Orchid Genus
The herbaceous perennial Dendrobium orchid is a member of the Orchidaceae family. Its name has Greek origin and means life on a tree. This plant is an epiphyte, but the Dendrobium genus also includes lithophytes that grow on rocks. There are more than 1000 species of Dendrobium found in various habitats throughout most of East, South, and Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, Japan, China, Oceania, Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea. All these species can differ from each other in the shape and colour of foliage and flowers. They also have different flower arrangements, flowering time, and other features.
Dendrobium is a sympodial orchid with white cylindrical roots that usually arise from the pseudobulb base. The stem is straight, and the shape of the leaves vary from linear to oblong. Flower buds develop in the axils of the leaves. Each axil contains one or several beautiful flowers, which often have a pleasant fragrance. Each peduncle lives 2-4 years and then dies. The flowers may be green, white, yellow, pink, or purple, frequently with different colours in the labellum. The Dendrobium group is very diverse, and it is quite hard to determine the standard features of this orchid kind. The height of some species may exceed one meter, while others may be just a few centimeters high. Dendrobium is the heaviest of orchids. Therefore, it needs staking.
More varieties of the Dendrobium orchid genus can be found under the following section: Types of orchids with pictures and names
Check out our Dendrobium Orchid Collection
Phalaenopsis Orchid Genus
Phalaenopsis orchid is a herbaceous plant of the Orchidaceae family. Its homeland is from the moist forests of Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Philippines. Most of these orchids are epiphytes, as they grow on trees, but in some cases, phalaenopsis can also grow on stones. Georg Rumphius, a German naturalist, discovered these flowers while visiting one of the Maluku Islands. Carl Blume, director of the Leiden Botanical Garden, named this orchid phalaenopsis. He decided that these flowers are real butterflies, and the word phalaenopsis means looking like a moth. Today, this flower is often called moth orchid. This genus includes approximately 70 species. Gardeners like this orchid for its beauty and unpretentiousness.
There are two main types of Phalaenopsis - regular (up to 1 m) and miniature, which do not grow higher than 30 cm. The stem of the plant is vertical, and the leaves are shiny and leathery. Aerial roots and flowers grow from the axils between the leaves. The number of leaves in an adult plant, as a rule, ranges from 4 to 6, and their length is 5-30 cm. In most species, there are many flowers on each inflorescence. The Phalaenopsis flowers are of various sizes and shapes, but all of them resemble exotic butterflies. Orchid colours also vary. They can be white, red, pink, lilac yellow, and multi-colour. The flower blooms can last up to 4 months, which also depends on the type of Phalaenopsis. Under favorable conditions, these orchids can bloom even 2-3 times a year.
Look out for some varieties of the Phalaenopsis Orchid genus under the following section: Types of orchids with pictures and names
Check out our Phalaenopsis Orchid Collection
Oncidium Orchid Genus
Oncidium is a delicate and attractive plant of the Orchidaceae family. Most species in this genus are epiphytic. However, some are terrestrial and lithophytic. They are widespread from the Caribbean, Northern Mexico, and some parts of South America to South Florida. Gardeners love these flowers for their long and plentiful flowering. For several months, dozens of small flowers bloom on the plant, resembling hundreds of butterflies hidden in the foliage. Some botanists compare flowers with fabulous dolls on invisible threads. Therefore, they also call Oncidium orchid a "dancing lady." Nevertheless, it is quite hard for gardeners to grow these orchids at home. To get a needed result, they have to follow the rules. This orchid is a herbaceous perennial plant that lives in sunny tropical forests at an altitude of up to 4 km, and Oncidium species can vary greatly. The plant has short or elongated roots adapted for anchoring on the rocks or tree branches. Pseudobulbs have an oblong form, and the thin bright green skin covers them.
The height of the plant is 10-40 cm. From each pseudobulb, 1 to 3 dark green leaves grow. The dense Oncidium leaf plates have a belt-like shape with smooth sides and a rounded end. Depending on the height of the habitat, botanists divide them into two groups of warm-growing and cool-growing orchids. The former leaves have a more rigid and dense structure, but the latter are thin and delicate. Oncidium flowering can occur at any time of the year. Sometimes it happens twice a year. The length of one stem can be 10-50 cm. Small bright flowers densely cover the branches. Most often, their colours range from yellow, brown, to red. Their diameter can be 1-12 cm. Oncidium orchids last from 2 weeks to 3 months.
Check out the next section for some of the orchids from the Oncidium genus.
Check out our Oncidium Orchid Collection
Types of Orchids with Pictures and Names
Orchids are the epitome of beauty and elegance. It seems that they took all the best from nature. They fascinate everyone with their original appearance and unbelievable colours. Plant breeders never stop to create new hybrids of these flowers. They improve their endurance and develop new features. So now, people can grow orchids in any part of the world. The climate and environmental temperature don't matter nowadays. Today everyone can enjoy looking at this gorgeous orchid. The orchid family includes hundreds of species. All of them have some individual qualities and impress with their uniqueness. Furthermore, the colour palette of these flowers consists of all the colours of the rainbow. So, let's take a closer look at the different types of orchids with pictures and names miraculously created by nature.
VANDA ORCHID GENUS
CLICK PHOTO TO VIEW MORE INFO ABOUT EACH ORCHID
|Vanda Blue magic||Vanda Coerulea||Vanda Tricolour|
|Vanda Denisoniana||Vanda Rothschildiana||Vandopsis Gigantea|
DENDROBIUM ORCHID GENUS
|Dendrobium Comet King||Dendrobium Kingianum||Dendrobium Polar Fire|
|Dendrobium Anosmum||Dendrobium Aphyllum||Dendrobium Secundum|
|Dendrobium Chrysotoxum||Dendrobium Lasianthera||Dendrobium Draconis|
PHALAENOPSIS ORCHID GENUS
|Phalaenopsis Cool Breeze
|Phalaenopsis Cornu Cervi||Phalaenopsis Equestris|
|Phalaenopsis Happy Minho||Phalaenopsis Gigantea||Phalaenopsis Schilleriana|
|Phalaenopsis Mannii||Phalaenopsis Hieroglyphica||Phalaenopsis Stuartiana|
ONCIDIUM ORCHID GENUS
|Oncidium Twinkle||Oncidium Sharry Baby||Oncidium Sweet Sugar
|Oncidium Ornithorhynchum||Oncidium Cheirophorum||Oncidium Lanceanum|
In our previous post, we shared something that you might find interesting:
Getting to know the anatomy of an orchid
Pridgeon, A. (1992). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids. Oregon: Timber Press.